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ISER Working Paper Series 2015-06

Youth employment and academic performance: production functions and policy effects


Publication date

27 Mar 2015


This paper proposes an approach to identifying the education production function with endogenous inputs, and applies it in the context of part-time employment decisions by UK teenagers in compulsory education. We identify simultaneously the effect of part-time employment and latent endogenous inputs including study effort, at different points in time, and compare the reduced-form effect of having a job while at school with the production function parameter. Part-time employment is shown to reduce academic performance among girls but not boys. We present evidence that this is due to employment crowding out a wider range of productive activities among girls than boys.


Young People, Education, Child Development, and Labour Market

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    1. Human Capital
    2. Young People
    3. Education
    4. Child Development
    5. Labour Market


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