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ISER Working Paper Series 2014-43

A disadvantaged childhood matters more if local unemployment is high


Publication date

18 Dec 2014


Using multilevel models on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study this paper shows that disadvantaged young adults (16-35 years old) are more affected by the business cycle than their similarly educated counterparts from more advantaged backgrounds. We propose that a disadvantaged background lowers desirability on the labour market, which matters more to employers as the labour market tightens. When the local unemployment rate is high, young adults from a disadvantaged background are less likely to be hired for good jobs or hired at all than their more advantaged counterparts. These results are robust to different operationalisations and sibling fixed effects.


Young People, Labour Market, Households, Unemployment, Poverty, and Social Mobility

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Related publications

  1. Crowding out of disadvantaged young adults in Germany: background matters depending on local labour market

    Wouter Zwysen

    1. Area Effects
    2. Young People
    3. Labour Market
    4. Households
    5. Unemployment
    6. Poverty
    7. Social Mobility


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