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ISER Working Paper Series 2014-41

Do labour market conditions shape immigrant-native gaps in employment outcomes? A comparison of 19 European countries

Authors

Publication date

01 Dec 2014

Abstract

This article draws from different theoretical and empirical literatures to analyse the role of socioeconomic and regulatory conditions on immigrant-native gaps across four outcomes; unemployment, monthly earnings, underemployment, and precarious contracts. The empirical results suggest that immigrant-native gaps are larger in countries with more immigrants. Evidence also indicates that a stricter regulation of regular contracts increases the immigrant-native earnings gap and immigrants’ chances of holding temporary contracts. A stricter regulation of temporary contracts increases immigrants’ risk of unemployment and underemployment. A higher union density appears to suppress wage differences across some immigrant groups, rather than in comparison to natives.

Subjects

Migration, Labour Market, Labour Economics, Unemployment, and Wages And Earnings

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