Skip to content

ISER Working Paper Series 2006-10

The impact of immigration on the employment of natives in regional labour markets: a meta-analysis

Authors

Publication date

01 Mar 2006

Abstract

Immigration is a phenomenon of growing significance in many countries. Increasing social tensions are leading to political pressure to limit a further influx of foreign-born persons on the grounds that the absorption capacity of host countries has been exceeded and social cohesion threatened. There is also in public discourse a common perception of immigration resulting in economic costs, particularly with respect to wages and employment opportunities of the native born. This warrants a scientific assessment, using comparative applied research, of the empirical validity of the perception of a negative impact of immigration on labour market outcomes. We apply meta-analytic techniques to 165 estimates from 9 recent studies for various OECD countries and assess whether immigration leads to job displacement among native workers. The ‘consensus estimate’ of the decline in native-born employment
following a 1 percent increase in the number of immigrants is a mere 0.024 percent.
However, the impact is somewhat larger on female than on male employment. The negative employment effect is also greater in Europe than in the United States. Furthermore, the results are sensitive to the choice of the study design. For example, failure to control for endogeneity of immigration itself leads to an underestimate of its employment impact.

Notes

working paper

Paper download  


Related publications

  1. The Impact of Immigration on the Employment of Natives in Regional Labour Markets: A Meta-Analysis

    Simonetta Longhi, Peter Nijkamp, and Jacques Poot

  2. The Impact of Immigration on the Employment of Natives in Regional Labour Markets: A Meta-Analysis

    Simonetta Longhi, Peter Nijkamp, and Jacques Poot

#508274


Research home

Research home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest