Skip to content

ISER Working Paper Series 2000-19

To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?

Authors

Publication date

01 May 2000

Abstract

This projeect employs the theory of equality of opportunity, described in Roemer's (Equality of Opportunity), Havard University Press, 1998), to compute the extent to which tax-and-transfer regimes in ten countries equalize opportunities among citizens for income acquisition. Roughly speaking, equality of opportunity for incomes has been achieved in a country when it is the case that the distributions of post-fisc income are the same for different types of citizen, where a citizen's type is defined by the socio-economic status of his parents. Intuitively, a country will have equalized opportunity if the changes of earning high (or low) income are equal for citizens from all family backgrounds. Of course, pre-fisc income distributions, by type, will not be identical, as long as the educational system does not entirely make up for the disadvantage that children, who come from poor families face, but the tax-and-transfer system can play a role in rectifying. We include, in our computation, two numbers that summarize the extent to which each country's current fiscal regime achieves equalization of opportunities for income, and the deadweight loss that would be incurred by moving to the regime that does.

Subjects

Households and Income Dynamics

Notes

working paper

Paper download  


Related publications

  1. To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?

    John E. Roemer, Rolf Aaberge, Ugo Colombino, et al.

    1. Households
    2. Income Dynamics

#503422


Research home

Research home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest