Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study at the Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex – written evidence (ASC0059) [House of Lords. Adult Social Care Committee. Adult social care inquiry]

Publication type

Parliamentary Paper

Publication date

November 29, 2022


Key Points: Research using Understanding Society data has shown:
1) The impact of being a carer on young carers can compound existing
inequalities, and costs the country £1bn+ per year. Better state
provision would reduce these impacts.
2) Of the two million carers aged 65 or over, 417,000 of them are
80+. They are likely to give high intensity care, but nearly two thirds
have their own health condition/disability.
3) People with a lower level of education are more likely to provide
intensive care, and those with a mid-level education are more likely
to be carers than those with a higher or lower education level.
4) Covid has had a negative impact on family caregivers’ mental
health, with loneliness a significant contributor.
5) A rise in volunteering and community action has helped some
people with some tasks during Covid, but those who need greater
help with daily living said they got less help than before the
6) Family carers are providing more care than they did, and the
current system is putting pressure on families to step in where the
state does not.
7) The more hours of care a person provides, the more likely they are
to reduce their work hours or leave work altogether, and employers
could provide more support.
8) Carers have lower wellbeing than non-carers, but these differences
decrease when their local authority spends more on adult social
9) An ageing population and falling birth rate will increase the demand
for paid-for care, and the number of people with complex care




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