What is the impact of educational and other restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic on children aged 3-13 years in terms of: i) exacerbating and mitigating factors that have contributed to physical or mental health harms; ii) exacerbated or newly introduced social and educational inequalities; and iii) facilitators/barriers to interventions aimed at enhancing physical and mental health or reducing inequalities? [Rapid review] report number – RR00013

Publication type



  1. -

Publication date

October 15, 2021


What effects have restrictions during the pandemic had on children aged 3 to 13?
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted children’s lives worldwide. The aim of this review was to look at how restrictions have affected children’s physical and mental wellbeing and their education. The review looked at the impact of wider restrictions, not just in schooling, and whether some groups of children were affected more than others.





References: Alma Economics (2021) 'Children and young people’s mental well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic'. Cardiff: Public Health Wales. ; Parnham, J.C., Laverty, A.A., Majeed, A., and Vamos, E.P. (2020) 'Half of children entitled to free school meals did not have access to the scheme during COVID-19 lockdown in the UK', Public Health, 187:161-164. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2020.08.019



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