Nowcasting: estimating developments in the risk of poverty and income distribution in 2013 and 2014

Publication type


Series Number



Social Situation Monitor Research Notes


Publication date

February 15, 2015


The at-risk-of-poverty rate is one of the three indicators
used for monitoring progress towards the Europe 2020 poverty and social
exclusion reduction target. Timeliness of this indicator is crucial for
monitoring of the social situation and of the effectiveness of tax and benefit
policies. However, partly due to the complexity of EU-SILC data collection,
estimates of the number of people at risk of poverty are published with a significant
delay. This paper extends and updates previous work on estimating (‘nowcasting’)
indicators of poverty risk using the tax-benefit microsimulation model EUROMOD.
The model’s routines are enhanced with additional adjustments to the EUSILC based
input data in order to capture changes in the employment characteristics of the
population since the data were collected. The nowcasting method is applied to seventeen
EU Member States. AROP rates are estimated up to 2014 for ten countries and
2013 for the remaining seven countries. The performance of the method is assessed
by comparing the predictions with actual EU-SILC indicators for the years for which
the latter are available.





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