Workers’ movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland

Publication type

Journal Article


Publication date

December 15, 2014


The employment structure undergoes constant change. Certain occupations grow while
others decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalization and welfare state
reforms. This evolution at the aggregate level has been well documented. Our knowledge of how
macro-level change in the employment structure is brought about through micro-level career
adjustments is less extensive. Drawing on panel data, this paper examines the types of workers most
likely to leave occupations that have declined over the past 20 years, and the most likely destination of
these exits in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. Overall, we find that women are more likely
than men to leave a declining occupation, and the most likely route out of declining occupations for
female workers is towards low paid growing occupations. Clerical workers are more likely to exit to
high paid growing occupations than production workers, and male production workers are at higher
risk than female clerks of exiting into unemployment.

Published in

European Sociological Review

Volume and page numbers

Volume: 30 , p.685 -701






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