January 15, 2013
Using the interaction of language of country of birth and age-at-arrival as instruments, we find strong evidence of a causal effect of English as Additional Language (EAL) on the native–immigrant wage gap for male employees in the UK.
► We analyse the native–immigrant wage gap for male employees in the UK. ► We control for age, region of residence, educational attainment and ethnicity. ► English as Additional Language explains most of the composition-adjusted wage gap. ► EAL instrumented by interaction of language of country of birth and age-at-arrival. ► Causal effect of EAL on native–immigrant wage gap robust to various specifications.
Volume and page numbers
Volume: 118 , p.38 -41
English deficiency and the native-immigrant wage gapAlfonso Miranda, Yu Zhu,
Research Paper - 20120915