Citizens Income: relaxing the assumptions

Publication type

Conference Paper


Microsimulation: Bridging Data and Policy


Publication date

June 9, 2009


Various systems of Citizens Income, also known as Basic
Income, have been proposed in a number of countries as a means of
simplifying complex tax and benefit regimes and eliminating the
poverty and unemployment traps. A major obstacle to the
implementation of these systems is cost, in terms of the marginal
tax rates which would be needed in order to fund them. Nearly all
proposals for CI involve flat rate payments to all adults,
regardless of their living arrangements; as well as increasing the
cost of the schemes, this involves a substantial redistribution
towards two-adult households. Using UK data with the EUROMOD
microsimulation model, this paper calculates and compares the
costs and distributional effects of (a) conventional CI systems at
different levels of payment, and (b) modified systems under which
couples receive a level of benefit lower than twice the benefit
payable to a single person.

Related Publications



Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author


Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society


Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs


Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report


Key research themes and areas of interest