The gender pay gap in the UK 1995-2007: part 1: research report

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June 1, 2010


The Government Equalities Office commissioned this research to examine how the gender pay gap (the gap between men and women’s average hourly earnings) has changed in the past 10 years, and whether new methodological developments could shed light on the direct and indirect drivers of the pay gap.This report uses the most recently available British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) data to examine the pay gap in 1995-97 and in 2004-07 using panel regression techniques, while also providing a decomposition of the gender pay gap over time.
Looking at the causes of the gender pay gap allows us to examine why men and women’s earnings differ.The pay gap fell from 24 per cent during the period 1995-97 to 19 per cent in 2004-07. For full-time working women, the pay gap was now only 15 per cent compared with 18 per cent in 1995-97.






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