Paying the price for reconciling work and family life: comparing the wage penalty for women’s part-time work in Britain, Germany and the United States

Publication type

Journal Article


Publication date

June 1, 2007


A comparison of the institutional context of part-time employment in Britain, Germany and the United States forms the backdrop for this study of women's part-time work and wage penalties in each country. Results using panel data and fixed-effects wage estimates show three distinct 'part-time regimes'. Germany has the lowest female labour force participation rates, and the smallest penalties for part-time employment. The United States and Britain each have steep penalties for part-time work, but part-time work is much more prevalent in Britain. We conclude that family policy, welfare state provision and labour market structure behave jointly to determine distinct models of work-family balance and the financial consequences associated with them.

Published in

Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice


Volume: 9 (2):115-134




Sent for ILL, copyright cleared - Jane to amend record when arrives

not held in Res Lib - bibliographic reference only



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