Changing dynamics in female employment around childbirth: evidence from Germany, the Netherlands and the UK

Publication type

Journal Article


Publication date

June 1, 2006


There is a strong effect of childbirth on female labour supply.This effect, however, is changing over time.This article uses panel data on the last two decades on three European countries (the Netherlands, Germany, the UK) to study changes in female labour force behaviour around childbirth and tries to find an explanation for these changes by looking at differences between the three countries.We conclude that there are substantial differences in participation patterns between the three countries in our study and that policy measures and institutions such as childcare that make the costs of combining work and family lower relative to being a full-time mother seem to increase female participation rates.

Published in

Work, Employment and Society


Volume: 20 (2):329-347



serial sequence - indexed article



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