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Journal Article

The heterogeneous and regressive consequences of COVID-19: evidence from high quality panel data

Authors

Publication date

Jan 2021

Summary

Using new data from the first two waves of the Understanding Society COVID-19 Study collected in April and in May 2020 in the UK, we study the labour market shocks that individuals experienced in the first wave of the pandemic, and the steps they and their households took to cope with those shocks. Understanding Society is based on probability samples and the Covid-19 Study is carefully constructed to support valid population inferences. The Covid-19 Study collected novel data on the mitigation strategies that individuals and households employ. Further, prior observation of respondents in the panel allows us to characterize regressivity with respect to pre-pandemic economics position. Our key findings are that those with precarious employment, aged under 30 and from minority ethnic groups faced the biggest labour market shocks. Almost 50% of individuals have experienced declines in household earnings of at least 10%, but declines are most severe in the bottom pre-pandemic income quintiles. Methods of mitigation vary substantially across groups: borrowing and transfers from family and friends are most prevalent among those most in need.

Published in

Journal of Public Economics

Volume

193:104334

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104334

ISSN

16

Subjects

Demography, Labour Market, Households, Economics, Public Policy, Income Dynamics, Wages And Earnings, Ethnic Groups, Health, Economic Policy, and Covid 19

Notes

Open Access; Under a Creative Commons license


Related publications

  1. The heterogeneous and regressive consequences of COVID-19: evidence from high quality panel data

    Thomas F. Crossley, Paul Fisher, and Hamish Low

    1. Demography
    2. Labour Market
    3. Households
    4. Economics
    5. Public Policy
    6. Income Dynamics
    7. Wages And Earnings
    8. Ethnic Groups
    9. Health
    10. Economic Policy
    11. Covid 19
  2. The heterogeneous and regressive consequences of COVID-19: evidence from high quality panel data

    Thomas F. Crossley, Paul Fisher, and Hamish Low

    1. Demography
    2. Labour Market
    3. Households
    4. Economics
    5. Public Policy
    6. Income Dynamics
    7. Wages And Earnings
    8. Ethnic Groups
    9. Health
    10. Economic Policy
    11. Covid 19
  3. The heterogeneous and regressive consequences of COVID-19: evidence from high quality panel data

    Thomas F. Crossley, Paul Fisher, and Hamish Low

    1. Demography
    2. Labour Market
    3. Households
    4. Economics
    5. Public Policy
    6. Income Dynamics
    7. Wages And Earnings
    8. Ethnic Groups
    9. Health
    10. Economic Policy
    11. Covid 19

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