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Journal Article

Income redistribution in the European Union


Publication date



We explore the redistributive effects of taxes and benefits in the 27 member states of the European Union (EU) using EUROMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for the EU. As well as describing redistributive effects in aggregate, we assess and compare the effectiveness of eight individual types of policy in reducing income disparities. We derive results for the 27 members of the EU using policies in effect in 2010 and present them for each country separately as well as for the EU as a whole.

Published in

IZA Journal of European Labor Studies

Volume and page numbers

3 , 1 -29





Welfare Benefits, Income Dynamics, Microsimulation, and Taxation


Open Access article; © Avram et al.; licensee Springer. 2014; This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

Related publications

  1. Income redistribution in the European Union

    Silvia Avram, Horacio Levy, and Holly Sutherland

    1. Welfare Benefits
    2. Income Dynamics
    3. Microsimulation
    4. Taxation


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