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Research Paper Harvard Business School Working Papers 14-035

Path-breakers? Women’s electoral success and future political participation

Authors

Publication date

Jan 2016

Summary

We investigate whether the event of a woman being competitively elected as a state legislator encourages the subsequent political participation of women, using a regression discontinuity design on constituency level data from India. We find that female incumbents are more likely than male incumbents to re-contest and that there is a decline in the entry of new women candidates. This decline is most pronounced in states with entrenched gender bias and in male-headed parties, suggesting an intensification of barriers against women in these areas. Similar results for (mostly male) Muslim candidates indicate the presence of institutionalized demand-side barriers rather than gender-specific preferences and constraints.

Links

http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=45849


Related publications

  1. Path-breakers? Women’s electoral success and future political participation

    Sonia Bhalotra, Irma Clots-Figueras, and Lakshmi Iyer

    1. Politics
    2. Elections. Electoral Behaviour

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