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Research Paper NBER Working Paper Series 21306

ICT and education: evidence from student home addresses

Authors

Publication date

Jun 2015

Summary

Governments are making it a priority to upgrade information and communication technologies (ICT) with the aim to increase available internet connection speeds. This paper presents a new empirical strategy to estimate the causal effects of these policies, and applies it to the questions of whether and how ICT upgrades affect educational attainment. We draw on a rich collection of microdata that allows us to link administrative test score records for the population of English primary and secondary school students to the available ICT at their home addresses. To base estimations on exogenous variation in ICT, we notice that the boundaries of usually invisible telephone exchange station catchment areas give rise to substantial and essentially randomly placed jumps in the available ICT across neighboring residences. Using this design across more than 20,000 boundaries in England, we find that even large changes in available broadband connection speeds have a precisely estimated zero effect on educational attainment. Guided by a simple model we then bring to bear additional microdata on student time and internet use to quantify the potentially opposing mechanisms underlying the zero reduced form effect. While jumps in the available ICT appear to increase student consumption of online content, we find no significant effects on student time spent studying online or offline, or on their learning productivity.

Subjects

Information And Communication Technologies, Geography, Young People, Education, and Public Policy

Links

http://nber.org/papers/w21306


Related publications

  1. ICT and education: evidence from student home addresses

    Benjamin Faber, Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, and Felix Weinhardt

    1. Information And Communication Technologies
    2. Geography
    3. Young People
    4. Education
    5. Public Policy

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