Skip to content

Journal Article

Fit-for-work – or work fit for disabled people? The role of changing job demands and control in incapacity claims

Authors

Publication date

Apr 2014

Summary

It remains a puzzle as to why incapacity claims rose in many OECD countries whenlife expectancy was increasing. While potentially due to hidden unemployment and policyfailure, this paper tests a further explanation: that work has become more difficult for disabledworkers. It focuses on the UK as a ‘most likely’ case, given evidence of intensification anddeclining control at work. To get a more objective measure of working conditions, the modelsuse average working conditions in particular occupations, and impute this into the BritishHousehold Panel Survey. The results show that people in low-control (but not high-demands)jobs are more likely to claim incapacity benefits in the following year, a result that is robust to anumber of sensitivity analyses. Deteriorating job control seems to be a part of the explanationfor rising incapacity, and strategies to cut the number of incapacity claimants should thereforeconsider ways to improve job control. Given the challenges in changing job characteristics,however, an equally important implication is that high levels of incapacity should not just beseen as a result of poor policies and a lack of jobs, but also as a result of the changing nature ofwork.

Published in

Journal of Social Policy

Volume and page numbers

43 , 289 -301

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279413000810

ISSN

16

Subjects

Disability, Labour Market, Public Policy, and Welfare Benefits

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/record=b1641582~S5

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*

#522640


Research home

Research home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest