Skip to content

Research Paper National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia Working Paper 03-13

Incorporating household type in mixed logistic models for people in households


Publication date



Generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), particularly the random intercept logistic regression model, are often used to model binary outcomes for people in households. A challenge in fitting these models is that the degree of dependency between co-householders often depends on the type of household, such as households of related people, households of unrelated people, and single person households. The use of a different variance component for each household type is investigated using two representative datasets, on voting behaviour and health risk factors and outcomes, and a simulation study. Variance components are found to be significantly different across household types in the examples. Models which ignore this understate covariate effects for household types with lower variance components, typically single person households.


Statistical Mathematics, Households, and Surveys



Research home

Research home


Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author


Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society


Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs


Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report


Key research themes and areas of interest