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Journal Article

Criminal prosecution and Human Immunodeficiency Virus–related risky behavior

Authors

Publication date

2010

Summary

 


We examine the consequences of prosecuting people
who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and expose others to
the infection. We show that the effect of such prosecutions on the
spread of HIV is a priori ambiguous. The prosecutions deter unsafe sex.
However, they also create incentives for having sex with partners who
are more promiscuous, which consequently increases the spread of HIV. We
test these predictions and find that such prosecutions are associated
with a reduction in the number of partners, an increase in safe sex, and
an increase in sex with prostitutes. We estimate that doubling the
prosecution rate could decrease the total number of new HIV infections
by one-third over a 10-year period.

Published in

Journal of Law and Economics

Volume and page numbers

53 , 741 -782

ISSN

16

Subjects

Law And Legislation, Crime And Justice, Health, and Social Behaviour

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/record=b1585091~S5; http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.1086/655806?uid=3738032&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21104690718183

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*

#521256


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