The effect of mental ill health on absence from work in different occupational classifications: analysis of routine data in the British Household Panel Survey
Objective: To investigate relationship of mental ill health to absence from work in different occupational classifications. Method: Examined sickness absence, mental health (GHQ-12), physical health, job characteristics, and personal characteristics in 18 waves of the British Household Panel Survey. Results: Overall sickness absence rate was 1.68%. Increased absence was associated with age greater than 45 years, female gender, lower occupational classification, and public-sector employers. Decreased absence was associated with part-time working. Scoring 4 or more on the General Health Questionnaire 12-item version (GHQ-12 caseness) was strongly associated with sickness absence. Public-sector employers had highest rates of sickness absence. GHQ-12 caseness had largest impact on absence in the public and nonprofit sectors, whereas physical health problems impacted more in the private sector. Conclusions: GHQ-12 caseness is strongly associated with increased absence in all classifications of occupations. Differences between sectors require further investigation.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume and page numbers
54 , 1539 -1544
Not held in Res Lib - bibliographic reference only