Skip to content

Journal Article

The parenthood effect on gender inequality: explaining the change in paid and domestic work when British couples become parents

Authors

Publication date

2013

Summary

This study examines the importance of prenatal characteristics of men and women in couples for how they change their time spent on housework and paid work after the transition to parenthood. We focus on both partners’ earnings and gender role attitudes as explanatory factors. Previous research explored the importance of women’s relative income and both partners’ gender role attitudes for the extent to which the division of labour becomes more traditional among new parents. We extend this literature by including women’s absolute earnings, which may be crucial given the very high costs of formal childcare in Britain. The statistical analysis of 310 couples is based on 16 waves of the British Household Panel Survey (1992–2007) and applies OLS models with Heckman selection correction. The findings suggest that higher absolute wages and more egalitarian attitudes of women before motherhood reduce the shift towards a more traditional division of labour after couples have their first child. In the British context, higher relative wages of women compared to their partners are not significant.

Published in

European Sociological Review

Volume and page numbers

29 , 74 -85

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcr041

ISSN

16

Subjects

Childbearing: Fertility, Wages And Earnings, and Sociology Of Households

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/record=b1614272~S5

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*


Related publications

  1. The parenthood effect on gender inequality: explaining the change in paid and domestic work when British couples become parents

    Pia S. Schober

    1. Labour Economics
    2. Family Formation And Dissolution

#519988


Research home

Research home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest