Conference Paper Social Policy Association Conference, 5-7 July 2010, University of Lincoln, UK
Disparities in residential mobility among women with children
This paper examines the residential mobility into and out of deprived areas of women with children using longitudinal survey data from the period 1991 to 2007. The results show that residential mobility is selective according to demographic criteria, human and financial resources and the characteristics of the wider area in which families live. Single mothers living in deprived areas had a lower probability of moving to a nondeprived area in comparison to women with a partner. Women who were in employment had higher rates of mobility out of deprived areas, while receipt of a lowincome benefit was an important factor increasing rates of mobility into deprived areas. The socially selective character of residential mobility suggests a range of policies that would increase the likelihood of families in deprived areas moving to better areas including financial incentives to promote mobility and improvements in economic circumstances. While policies that focus on increasing mobility may be an appropriate approach to the problems facing the most disadvantaged families, policies that aim to improve the quality of life in poor areas are likely to have a larger overall impact.