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Journal Article

Coming to grips with a changing class structure: an analysis of employment stratification in Britain, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors

Publication date

2006

Abstract

Over the last 30 years, trends such as service sector growth, welfare state expansion and rising female participation rates have promoted increasing heterogeneity within the occupational system. Accordingly, this article argues that the class map has to be redrawn in order to grasp these changes in the employment structure. For that purpose, it develops the bases of a new class schema that partly shifts its focus from hierarchical divisions to horizontal cleavages. The middle class is not conceptualized as a unitary grouping and the manual/non-manual divide is not used as a decisive class boundary. Instead, emphasis is put on differences in marketable skills and the work logic. The schema is expected to more accurately reflect the class location of unskilled service employees and to make visible the political divide within the salaried middle class. This expectation is empirically examined with survey data from Britain, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. Findings for earnings and promotion prospects indicate that the schema successfully captures the hierarchical dimension in the class structure. Moreover, results for party support and union membership suggest that the schema grasps a salient horizontal cleavage between managers and sociocultural professionals.

Published in

International Sociology

Volume

21 (2):263-288

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0268580906061379

Subjects

Politics, Labour Market, and Social Stratification

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/record=b1584798~S5

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*

#511750


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