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Journal Article

The ins and outs of poverty in advanced economies: government policy and poverty dynamics in Canada, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States

Authors

Publication date

2006

Abstract

Comparative analysis of poverty dynamics—transitions and persistence—can yield important insights about the nature of poverty and the effectiveness of alternative policy responses. This manuscript compares poverty dynamics in four advanced industrial countries (Canada, unified Germany, Great Britain, and the United States) for overlapping six-year periods in the 1990s, focusing on the impact of government policies. The data indicate that relative to measured cross-sectional poverty rates, poverty persistence is higher in North America than in Europe. Most poverty transitions, and the prevalence of chronic poverty, are associated with employment instability and family dissolution in all four countries. However, government tax-and-transfer policies are more effective at reducing poverty persistence in Europe than in North America.

Published in

Review of Income and Wealth

Volume

52 (2):261-284

Subjects

Poverty and Social Policy

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/search/s?SEARCH=review+of+income+and+wealth&sortdropdown=-&x=37&y=13

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*

#508774


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