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Journal Article

Fertility and employment in Italy, France, and the UK


Publication date



According to the agenda for employment set by the European Union in 2000 for the following 10 years, the target for female employment was set at 60 per cent for the year 2010. Although Northern and most Continental countries have achieved this quantitative target, the Mediterranean countries are lagging behind. Labor market policies should be aimed to encourage women's participation and reduce the cost of working. However, the persistence of a negative relationship between participation and fertility in these countries implies that it is important to take fertility into account. We analyse a model of labor supply and fertility, using data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) for the period 1994-2000, merged with regional data describing the available labor market opportunities in the households' environment.

Published in

Labour: Review of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations

Volume and page numbers

19 (S1): 51-77 , 51 -128



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