Skip to content

Journal Article

The distribution of the common mental disorders: social inequalities in Europe

Authors

Publication date

01 Sep 2005

Abstract

Background: The social class distribution of the common mental disorders (mostly anxiety and/or depression) has been in doubt until recently. This paper reviews the evidence of associations between the prevalence of the common mental disorders in adults of working age and markers of socio-economic disadvantage. Methods: Work is reviewed which brings together major population surveys from the last 25 years, together with work trawling for all European population studies. Data from more recent studies is examined, analysed and discussed. Because of differences in methods, instruments and analyses, little can be compared precsiely, but internal associations can be examined. Findings: People of lower socio-economic status, however measured, are disadvantaged, and this includes higher frequencies of the conditions now called the 'common mental disorders' (mostly non-psychotic depression and anxiety, either separately or together). In European and similar developed populations, relatively high frequencies are associated with poor education, material disadvantage and unemployment. Conclusion: The large contribution of the common mental disorders to morbidity and disability, and the social consequences in working age adults would justify substantial priority being given to addressing mental health inequalities, and deprivation in general, within national and European social and economic policy.
NB pp: 1-12 (pages not for citation purposes) see reference

Published in

Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health

Volume

1 (14)

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1745-0179-1-14

Subjects

Health and Social Stratification

Links

http://serlib0.essex.ac.uk/record=b1630092~S5

Notes

Albert Sloman Library Periodicals *restricted to Univ. Essex registered users*

#508196


Research home

Research home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest