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Conference Paper BHPS-2005 Conference: the 2005 British Household Panel Survey Research Conference, 30 June -2 July 2005, Colchester, UK

The dynamics of deprivation


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The UK government has pledged to end child poverty by 2020, and has set itself a
series of intermediate targets for reducing the number of poor families between now
and then. One of the proposed poverty measures will be based on an indicator
material deprivation.
There is a strong relationship between low income and indicators of deprivation at
any point in time. This leads to the expectation that exiting income-poverty should
mean ending hardship. This paper is based on the first systematic analysis of the
relationship between changes in income and in deprivation over time, and addresses a
number of important measurement issues.
It shows a strong /underlying/ relationship between income and deprivation, but a
relatively weak /longitudinal/ relationship. This suggests that short periods in poverty
need not be of major concern; but on the other hand short breaks in a period of
poverty are of doubtful value. Other factors directly associated with patterns of
deprivation include housing tenure, sources (as opposed to amounts) of income, and
family composition..


Child Development, Poverty, and Income Dynamics



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