Skip to content

Research Paper Working Papers of the ESRC Research Centre on Micro-Social Change 97-02

Women and social class: towards a more complete picture


Publication date

01 Mar 1997


This paper addresses the debate on class and gender by focusing on the inter-connections between social class, occupational sex segregation, sector and gender, and therefore structural features that are seen as partly independent, partly inter-connected, sources of social inequality. The empirical analyses - based on data from a British survey - address various differences in market and work situations within social class categories, and interesting within-class differences are found. The results give clear evidence that social class structures are fractionalised by occupational sex segregation, as well as by public/private sector divisions. Gender affects standing within these structures, and introducing women into class analyses reveals both a more complex form and a more complete picture of social stratification within modern societies.


Labour Market, Households, and Social Stratification


working paper

Related publications

  1. Women and social class: towards a more complete picture

    Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund and David Rose

    1. Labour Market
    2. Households
    3. Social Stratification


Research home

Research home


Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author


Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society


Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs


Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report


Key research themes and areas of interest