Monday Afternoon Seminar: ‘The Conditions of Conflict: Community Ethnic Out-Group Size, Prejudice, and the Role of Segregation for the Contact and Threat Hypotheses’ISER External Seminars

Extensive research has explored how the size of the ethnic out-group population in an environment affects inter-group attitudes. Drawing on the threat and contact hypotheses, this study develops and tests a theoretical framework which formally integrates segregation into this debate. Conceiving of the size of out-group and its level of segregation as (largely) distinct characteristics of a community, we suggest it will be the intersection of high exposure and high segregation that is problematic for inter-group relations. Using a sample of white British individuals in England, we observe that community segregation moderates the association between community percent non-white British and: prejudice, positive intergroup contact and (perceived) inter-group threat. Findings show that residents of more homogeneous communities report relatively warm inter-group attitudes, regardless of how segregated they are. Residents experiencing high out-group exposure in integrated communities report similarly warm attitudes. It is only residents living amongst large outgroup populations in segregated communities who evince colder out-group attitudes. This higher prejudice in high-exposure, segregated communities can be accounted for by both lower rates of positive inter-group contact and higher perceived-threat. This paper demonstrates the importance of accounting for segregation alongside out-group size when examining the spatial drivers of prejudice. Mechanisms of positive-contact and threat both appear conditional on the size of out-groups in an area and how segregated they are from one another, generating key differences in how out-group exposure affects inter-group relations.

Presented by:

James Laurence, University of Manchester

Date & time:

20 Feb 2017 16:00 pm

Venue:

2N2.4.16


External seminars home

News

Latest findings, new research

Publications search

Search all research by subject and author

Podcasts

Researchers discuss their findings and what they mean for society

Projects

Background and context, methods and data, aims and outputs

Events

Conferences, seminars and workshops

Survey methodology

Specialist research, practice and study

Taking the long view

ISER's annual report

Themes

Key research themes and areas of interest