Workers’ movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland
The employment structure undergoes constant change. Certain occupations grow whileothers decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalization and welfare statereforms. This evolution at the aggregate level has been well documented. Our knowledge of howmacro-level change in the employment structure is brought about through micro-level careeradjustments is less extensive. Drawing on panel data, this paper examines the types of workers mostlikely to leave occupations that have declined over the past 20 years, and the most likely destination ofthese exits in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. Overall, we find that women are more likelythan men to leave a declining occupation, and the most likely route out of declining occupations forfemale workers is towards low paid growing occupations. Clerical workers are more likely to exit tohigh paid growing occupations than production workers, and male production workers are at higherrisk than female clerks of exiting into unemployment.
European Sociological Review
Volume and page numbers
30 , 685 -701
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