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BHPS Documentation and Questionnaires

chidhousehold identification number
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (1)
Question Number and Text CHID
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW3


cpnoperson number
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (1)
Question Number and Text CPNO
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
11934359.059.0
21228037.537.5
39052.82.8
4182.6.6
524.1.1
631.1.1
95.0.0
103.0.0
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Question RouteALL
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljesfnemployment status spell number
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (63)
Question Number and Text CL5 : Interviewer Check: ESF spell number.
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
1.732.01035
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteCorresponds with BLESHNO on Record Type BLIFEMST. This is the index number for spells of any type - employment or otherwise. Compare with CLJSEQ.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsempft, pt or s/employed-lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (63)
Question Number and Text CL6 : In your first/next job were you self-employed, a full-time employee or a part-time employee?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93271.00Missing
inapplicable-89863.01Missing
refused-220.01Missing
don't know-180.02Missing
self-employed116044.895.1
full-time employee22498176.2279.43
part-time employee3486514.8415.47
Total32773100.00
Valid cases31450Missing cases1323
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment: Labour Force Status
Employment: Self-Employment
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljbgmmonth job spell began-lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (64)
Question Number and Text CL7M : On what date did you begin (your first paid job/working with your next employer)? Month
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9310.09Missing
refused-2110.03Missing
don't know-125997.93Missing
january120226.176.71
february212853.924.26
march315974.875.3
april419826.056.58
may515954.875.29
june624527.488.14
july7372411.3612.36
august818715.716.21
september930209.2110.02
october1017415.315.78
november1112763.894.23
december1213174.024.37
winter1310513.213.49
spring1416134.925.35
summer1524007.327.96
autumn1611863.623.94
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30132Missing cases2641
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljbgyyear job spell began-lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (64)
Question Number and Text CL7Y : On what date did you begin (your first paid job/working with your next employer)? Year
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
69.8516.531496
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9240.07Missing
refused-240.01Missing
don't know-12140.65Missing
[Value >= 0]3253199.26100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases32531Missing cases242
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsococcupation (soc)-lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (64)
Question Number and Text CL8OC1 : (Office Code) Could you give me some details of the exact job you started in (DATE AT CL7). Please tell me the exact job title and describe fully the sort of work you did.
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9470.14Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
[Value >= 0]3085894.16100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30858Missing cases1915
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
NoteComputed using CASOC. See Appendix to Vol. A for coding frame.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsicindustry (sic) of employer-lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (64)
Question Number and Text CL8OC2 : And what did the firm or organisation you worked for actually make or do?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9110.03Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-290.03Missing
don't know-11530.47Missing
[Value >= 0]2813585.85100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases28135Missing cases4638
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteSee Appendix to Vol. A for coding frame.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljmngrsupervised other employees - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL9 : Did you supervise other employees?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-92980.91Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
refused-230.01Missing
don't know-1500.15Missing
yes1580917.7219.01
no22474575.5080.99
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30554Missing cases2219
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Sector and Duties
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljtermperm. or temp. contract - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL10 : Was this job a permanent job, seasonal job, temporary or casual job or a job done under contract for a fixed period of time?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-94681.43Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-230.01Missing
don't know-1180.05Missing
permanent12514076.7190.37
temp/casual219115.836.87
fixed contract37682.342.76
Total32773100.00
Valid cases27819Missing cases4954
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Labour Force Status
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljlftmmonth left employer - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL11M : What was the date you left working with that employer? Month
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9250.08Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-2100.03Missing
don't know-124677.53Missing
january115684.786.08
february212743.894.94
march316024.896.21
april414954.565.79
may513384.085.18
june617895.466.93
july719505.957.56
august818915.777.33
september923067.048.94
october1016284.976.31
november1113194.025.11
december1218775.737.27
spring1310403.174.03
summer1414544.445.63
autumn1521516.568.34
winter1611243.434.36
Total32773100.00
Valid cases25806Missing cases6967
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljlftyyear left employer - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL11Y : What was the date you left working with that employer? Year
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
71.7315.701593
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9190.06Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-240.01Missing
don't know-12190.67Missing
[Value >= 0]2806685.64100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases28066Missing cases4707
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljylftreason for leaving job - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL12 : Which of the reasons on the card (29) best describes why you stopped doing that job?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-91990.61Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-2110.03Missing
don't know-1290.09Missing
better job1459314.0116.36
different job2929828.3733.13
redundancy329258.9310.42
dismissed44721.441.68
temp job ended511253.434.01
retired612723.884.53
health reasons78992.743.2
to have baby823817.278.48
family care915344.685.47
other1012013.664.28
war/nat service116241.902.22
moved from area1213023.974.64
f/t education134431.351.58
Total32773100.00
Valid cases28069Missing cases4704
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Reasons for Leaving and Taking Jobs
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljothjhad further paid jobs - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CL13 : Have you had any more paid jobs since then?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9130.04Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
yes, not pres emp12211667.4878.16
yes, with pres emp2358310.9312.66
no325967.929.17
Total32773100.00
Valid cases28295Missing cases4478
Question RouteIF (CIVLYR = 1 AND CLJHAD = 1) Asked if R was interviewed at Wave 2 and has ever had a paid job other than current employment
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteImportant within Record type and within questionnaire section routing variable.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljseqjob spell number
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireIndividual (65)
Question Number and Text CLEMPSEQ
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
3.612.60121
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Key Linking Variable
NoteThis is the index number of employment spells only. Compare with CLJESFN.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsegsocio economic group - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
employers,large110.000.0
managers,large27372.252.41
employers,small34281.311.4
managers,small45121.561.68
professional self-em5760.230.25
professional employe67452.272.44
int. non-manual,work731329.5610.26
int. non-man,foreman81110.340.36
junior non-manual9931128.4130.49
personal service wrk1020076.126.57
foreman manual111560.480.51
skilled manual wkrs12523715.9817.15
semi-skilled manual13426613.0213.97
unskilled manual wkr1422236.787.28
own account wkrs156992.132.29
farmers - employers16500.150.16
farmers - own accoun17210.060.07
agricultural workers186562.002.15
members of armed for191660.510.54
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteCASOC computes the Socio-Economic Group for jobs, based on the 3 digit Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), and employment status variables See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork, and Appendix in Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljgoldgoldthorpe social class - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
service class, higher116915.165.54
service class, lower2356510.8811.68
routine non-manual3644719.6721.11
personal service4330510.0810.82
sml props w employees53891.191.27
sml props w/o employees66752.062.21
farmers, smallholders71050.320.34
foreman, technicians86982.132.29
skilled manual worker9462614.1215.15
semi, unskilled manual10840625.6527.53
agricultural workers116271.912.05
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteCASOC computes the Goldthorpe social class classification for jobs, based on the 3 digit Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), and employment status variables. to Vol. A for details. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork, and Appendix in Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljrgscrg social class - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
professional occ18212.512.69
managerial+technical2481514.6915.77
skilled non-manual3937228.6030.69
skilled manual4651519.8821.34
partly skilled occ5654919.9821.45
unskilled occ622967.017.52
armed forces71660.510.54
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteCASOC computes Registrar General's Social Class for jobs based on the 3 digit Standard occupational classification (SOC), and employment status variables. See the Section on Data collection and Fieldwork, and Appendix in Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljiscointernatonal soc: previous job
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteThis is a 'STRING' variable - an alphanumeric. Computed using CASOC. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork, and coding frame for ISCO in Appendix to Vol. A. International Labour Office (1990) `International Standard Classification of Occupations: ISCO 88. Geneva: International Labour Office.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljcssmcambridge scale males - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
29.7516.320.5687.93
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
[Value >= 0]3053493.17100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
NoteComputed using CASOC. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork Vol. A. See also Prandy K (1990) `The Revised Cambridge Scale of Occupations', Sociology 24, pp 629-655.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljcssfcambridge scales females - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
30.2917.230.5598.85
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
[Value >= 0]3053493.17100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
NoteComputed using CASOC. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork Vol. A. See also Prandy K (1990) `The Revised Cambridge Scale of Occupations', Sociology 24, pp 629-655.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljhgshope-goldthorpe scale - lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
4013.87082.05
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93711.13Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
[Value >= 0]3053493.17100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30534Missing cases2239
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
NoteComputed using CASOC. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork Vol. A. See also Goldthorpe, JH and Hope, K (1974) The Social Grading of Occupations: A New Approach and Scale, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsecsocio-economic class: lifetime
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-91310.40Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
higher managerial20460.140.15
higher prof tradn'l317442.272.42
higher prof new emp321550.470.5
high prof trad s.emp33720.220.23
high prof new s.emp34110.030.04
lower prof trad emps4126248.018.53
lower prof new emps422580.790.84
lwr prof trad s.emp431030.310.33
lower prof new s.emp44510.160.17
lower manag occupns509522.903.09
hgher supervis occup6011073.383.6
admin71366011.1711.89
serv7217395.315.65
aux735401.651.75
intermed engineering74830.250.27
emp,small (non-prof)814461.361.45
emp,small (agricult)82330.100.11
own acct wkrs(n.pro)917542.302.45
own acct wkrs(agric)92470.140.15
lwr supervis occups10019605.986.37
lwr technical craft11116845.145.47
lwr tech process op1123381.031.1
semi-routine sales12121046.426.84
semi-routine service12212953.954.21
semi-routine tech1238422.572.74
semi-routine op12411173.413.63
semi-routine agric1254521.381.47
semi-routine cleri1264511.381.47
semi-rtne childcare127730.220.24
serv13111503.513.74
routine production13212873.934.18
routine technical13321716.627.05
routine operative13422906.997.44
routine agricultrl1351350.410.44
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30774Missing cases1999
Index TermsEmployment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljlenlength (months) of job history spell
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
59.4077.220739
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93651.11Missing
missing lt 1 year-37892.41Missing
[Value >= 0]3161996.48100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases31619Missing cases1154
Question RouteUses CHID CPNO CLJBGM CLJBGY CLJLFTM CLJLFTY on Record CLIFEJOB
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteThe following assumptions are made in calculating spell length Winter corresponds to January, Spring to April, Summer to July and Autumn to October. If month or season missing, assumed July if before 1992, else missing.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljenstend status of job history spell
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9130.04Missing
not last spell02569978.4278.45
last job ever125967.927.92
began after 1.9.9028822.692.69
prsnt job bef 1.9.90325977.927.93
prsnt job aft 1.9.9049863.013.01
Total32773100.00
Valid cases32760Missing cases13
Question RouteUses CHID CPNO CLJNREC CLJHAD on Record CINDRESP. Uses CHID CPNO CLJSEQ CLJSOC CLJOTHJ on Record CLIFEJOB.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteStatus type for last job history records - this makes it possible to determine whether information about other jobs is to be expected in any of the panel records, and what information should be expected on the current record. See the discussion of the CLIFEJOB Record Type in Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljbgy4year job spell began-lifetime: 4 digit
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
1969.8516.5319141996
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9240.07Missing
refused-240.01Missing
don't know-12140.65Missing
[Value >= 0]3253199.26100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases32531Missing cases242
Question RouteUses CLJBGY on Record CLIFEJOB.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteFour-digit version of year base variable.
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljlfty4year left employer - lifetime: 4 digit
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
1971.7315.7019151993
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9190.06Missing
inapplicable-8446513.62Missing
refused-240.01Missing
don't know-12190.67Missing
[Value >= 0]2806685.64100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases28066Missing cases4707
Question RouteUses CLJLFTY on Record CLIFEJOB.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteFour-digit version of year base variable.
Variable OccurrenceW3


pidcross-wave person identifier
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
QuestionnaireCover Sheet
Question Number and Text CEG3
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Variable OccurrenceW3


pidpCross-wave person identifier (UKHLS)
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljisconinternational soc (num): previous job
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-93741.14Missing
inapplicable-818685.70Missing
[Value >= 0]3053193.16100.0
Total32773100.00
Valid cases30531Missing cases2242
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable CJHISCO
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljsoc_ccoccupation (soc): lifetime job - condensed classification
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
57.5823.041099
Valid cases30858Missing cases1915
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljiscon_ccinternational soc (num): lifetime job - condensed classification
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
550.12241.9211933
Valid cases30531Missing cases2242
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW3


cljisco_ccinternational soc : lifetime job - condensed classification
Record TypeCLIFEJOB
Valid cases32773Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW3