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BHPS Documentation and Questionnaires

mmrjcssfCambridge Scale F: most recent job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
34.8018.940.6098.85
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.001237176.2100.0
Missing or wild-9.005353.3Missing
Inapplicable-8.00259716.0Missing
Proxy respondent-7.003262.0Missing
Never had a job-3.004092.5Missing
Valid cases12371Missing cases3867
Question RouteUses wJBCSSF, wJLCSSF from wINDRESP, and wJHCSSF from wJOBHIST, as defined by MJLID.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteMost recent job is current job, or last job reported at this or a preceding wave.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjhgsHope-Goldthorpe Scale: most recent job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
44.9916.31082.05
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.0017.1.1
Amount stated1.001235476.199.9
Missing or wild-9.005353.3Missing
Inapplicable-8.00259716.0Missing
Proxy respondent-7.003262.0Missing
Never had a job-3.004092.5Missing
Valid cases12371Missing cases3867
Question RouteUses wJBHGS, wJLHGS from wINDRESP, and wJHHGS from wJOBHIST, as defined by MJLID.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteMost recent job is current job, or last job reported at this or a preceding wave.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjsecSocio-Economic Class: most recent job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Employers large org1016.1.1
Higher managerial203942.42.6
Higher prof tradn'l314662.93.1
Higher prof new emp322121.31.4
High prof trad s.emp33150.91.0
High prof new s.emp3415.1.1
Lower Prof trad emps41172010.611.4
Lower Prof new emps4289.5.6
Lwr Prof trad s.emp431761.11.2
Lower Prof new s.emp4415.1.1
Lower manag occupns509435.86.3
Hgher supervis occup603782.32.5
admin7111687.27.8
serv727534.65.0
aux732141.31.4
Intermed engineering7468.4.5
Emp,small (non-prof)813161.92.1
Emp,small (agricult)8235.2.2
Own acct wkrs(n.pro)918125.05.4
Own acct wkrs(agric)92129.8.9
Lwr supervis occups1009295.76.2
Lwr technical craft1114532.83.0
Lwr tech process op112127.8.8
Semi-routine sales1219716.06.5
Semi-routine service12210196.36.8
Semi-routine tech1231681.01.1
Semi-routine op1243452.12.3
Semi-routine agric12547.3.3
Semi-routine cleri1262231.41.5
Semi-rtne childcare1271791.11.2
serv1315263.23.5
Routine production1323572.22.4
Routine technical1336804.24.5
Routine operative1349025.66.0
Routine agricultrl13532.2.2
Missing or wild-93832.4Missing
Inapplicable-893.6Missing
Proxy respondent-73262.0Missing
Never had a job-34092.5Missing
Valid cases15027Missing cases1211
Question RouteUses MMRJSOC MMRJSEMP MMRJBOSS MMRJMNGR MMRJSIZE on Record MINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteSee full Coding frame in Appendix to Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpasegSocio economic group: father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Managers,large249.311.6
Employers,small324.15.7
Managers,small48.01.9
Professional Self-em57.01.7
Professional employe629.26.9
Int. non-manual,work732.27.6
Int. non-man,foreman86.01.4
Junior non-manual924.15.7
Personal service wrk102.0.5
Foreman manual1132.27.6
Skilled manual wkrs1275.517.7
Semi-skilled manual1341.39.7
Unskilled manual wkr1417.14.0
Own account wkrs1539.29.2
Farmers - employers1614.13.3
Farmers - own accoun177.01.7
Agricultural workers1812.12.8
Members of armed for195.01.2
Missing or wild-921.1Missing
Inapplicable-81490391.8Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases423Missing cases15815
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpagoldGoldthorpe Social Class: father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Service class,higher168.423.8
Service class,lower235.212.2
Routine non-manual e310.13.5
Personal service wor43.01.0
Sml props w employee516.15.6
Sml props w/o employ627.29.4
Farmers,Smallholders77.02.4
Foreman,Technicians830.210.5
Skilled manual worke931.210.8
Semi,unskilled manua1056.319.6
Agricultural workers113.01.0
Missing or wild-921.1Missing
Inapplicable-81504092.6Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpargscRG Social Class: father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Professional occ136.28.5
technic2124.829.3
Skilled non-manual334.28.0
Skilled manual4147.934.8
Partly skilled occ559.413.9
Unskilled occ618.14.3
Armed forces75.01.2
Missing or wild-921.1Missing
Inapplicable-81490391.8Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases423Missing cases15815
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpaiscoInternational SOC : father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpacssmCambridge Scale males : father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002861.8100.0
Missing or wild-9.0021.1Missing
Inapplicable-8.001504092.6Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpacssfCambridge Scale females : father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002861.8100.0
Missing or wild-9.0021.1Missing
Inapplicable-8.001504092.6Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpahgsHope - Goldthorpe Scale : father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002861.8100.0
Missing or wild-9.0021.1Missing
Inapplicable-8.001504092.6Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpasecSocio-Economic Class: father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Higher managerial204.0.9
Higher prof tradn'l3128.26.6
Higher prof new emp326.01.4
High prof trad s.emp336.01.4
Lower Prof trad emps4136.28.5
Lower Prof new emps424.0.9
Lwr Prof trad s.emp432.0.5
Lower Prof new s.emp441.0.2
Lower manag occupns5037.28.7
Hgher supervis occup603.0.7
admin719.12.1
serv7215.13.5
aux731.0.2
Intermed engineering741.0.2
Emp,small (non-prof)8124.15.7
Emp,small (agricult)8215.13.5
Own acct wkrs(n.pro)9138.29.0
Own acct wkrs(agric)928.01.9
Lwr supervis occups10038.29.0
Lwr technical craft11125.25.9
Lwr tech process op1121.0.2
Semi-routine sales1212.0.5
Semi-routine service12212.12.8
Semi-routine tech1233.0.7
Semi-routine op12416.13.8
Semi-routine agric1258.01.9
Semi-routine cleri1261.0.2
Semi-rtne childcare1271.0.2
serv1311.0.2
Routine production1322.0.5
Routine technical13354.312.8
Routine operative13421.15.0
Inapplicable-81492291.9Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
-12.0Missing
Valid cases423Missing cases15815
Question RouteUses MPASOC MPASEMP MPABOSS MPAMNGR MPASIZE on Record MINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteSee full Coding frame in Appendix to Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmasegSocio economic group: mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Managers,large213.14.5
Employers,small35.01.7
Managers,small42.0.7
Professional employe64.01.4
Int. non-manual,work749.317.0
Int. non-man,foreman811.13.8
Junior non-manual981.528.1
Personal service wrk1039.213.5
Foreman manual116.02.1
Skilled manual wkrs128.02.8
Semi-skilled manual1324.18.3
Unskilled manual wkr1433.211.5
Own account wkrs156.02.1
Farmers - employers161.0.3
Farmers - own accoun171.0.3
Agricultural workers185.01.7
Missing or wild-926.2Missing
Inapplicable-81503392.6Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases288Missing cases15950
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmagoldGoldthorpe Social Class: mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Service class,higher115.16.9
Service class,lower240.218.4
Routine non-manual e342.319.4
Personal service wor442.319.4
Sml props w employee52.0.9
Sml props w/o employ65.02.3
Farmers,Smallholders74.01.8
Foreman,Technicians811.15.1
Skilled manual worke910.14.6
Semi,unskilled manua1045.320.7
Agricultural workers111.0.5
Missing or wild-926.2Missing
Inapplicable-81510493.0Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmargscRG Social Class: mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Professional occ14.01.4
technic270.424.3
Skilled non-manual395.633.0
Skilled manual435.212.2
Partly skilled occ549.317.0
Unskilled occ635.212.2
Missing or wild-926.2Missing
Inapplicable-81503392.6Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases288Missing cases15950
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmaiscoInternational SOC : mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmacssmCambridge Scale males : mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002171.3100.0
Missing or wild-9.0026.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001510493.0Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmacssfCambridge Scale females : mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002171.3100.0
Missing or wild-9.0026.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001510493.0Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmahgsHope - Goldthorpe Scale : mothers's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.001.0.5
Amount stated1.002161.399.5
Missing or wild-9.0026.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001510493.0Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmasecSocio-Economic Class: mother's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Higher prof tradn'l314.01.4
Higher prof new emp321.0.3
Lower Prof trad emps4147.316.3
Lower Prof new emps424.01.4
Lwr Prof trad s.emp432.0.7
Lower manag occupns5010.13.5
Hgher supervis occup604.01.4
admin7138.213.2
serv7213.14.5
aux734.01.4
Emp,small (non-prof)819.13.1
Emp,small (agricult)822.0.7
Own acct wkrs(n.pro)917.02.4
Own acct wkrs(agric)923.01.0
Lwr supervis occups10011.13.8
Lwr technical craft1111.0.3
Lwr tech process op1121.0.3
Semi-routine sales12127.29.4
Semi-routine service12228.29.7
Semi-routine tech1231.0.3
Semi-routine op1241.0.3
Semi-routine agric1252.0.7
Semi-routine cleri1266.02.1
Semi-rtne childcare1276.02.1
serv1319.13.1
Routine production13212.14.2
Routine technical1333.01.0
Routine operative13432.211.1
Inapplicable-81505992.7Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases288Missing cases15950
Question RouteUses MMASOC MMASEMP MMABOSS MMAMNGR MMASIZE on Record MINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteSee full Coding frame in Appendix to Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1segSocio economic group: first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Managers,large23.0.8
Employers,small32.0.5
Managers,small43.0.8
Professional employe612.13.0
Int. non-manual,work723.15.8
Int. non-man,foreman88.02.0
Junior non-manual9115.729.2
Personal service wrk1051.312.9
Foreman manual112.0.5
Skilled manual wkrs1269.417.5
Semi-skilled manual1351.312.9
Unskilled manual wkr1431.27.9
Own account wkrs153.0.8
Farmers - employers162.0.5
Farmers - own accoun173.0.8
Agricultural workers1811.12.8
Members of armed for195.01.3
Missing or wild-928.2Missing
Inapplicable-81492591.9Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases394Missing cases15844
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1goldGoldthorpe Social Class: first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Service class,higher18.03.1
Service class,lower217.16.6
Routine non-manual e344.317.1
Personal service wor447.318.2
Sml props w/o employ62.0.8
Farmers,Smallholders72.0.8
Foreman,Technicians812.14.7
Skilled manual worke945.317.4
Semi,unskilled manua1076.529.5
Agricultural workers115.01.9
Missing or wild-928.2Missing
Inapplicable-81506192.8Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1rgscRG Social Class: first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Professional occ112.13.0
technic235.28.9
Skilled non-manual3118.729.9
Skilled manual4105.626.6
Partly skilled occ588.522.3
Unskilled occ631.27.9
Armed forces75.01.3
Missing or wild-928.2Missing
Inapplicable-81492591.9Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases394Missing cases15844
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1iscoInternational SOC : first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1cssmCambridge Scale males : first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002581.6100.0
Missing or wild-9.0028.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001506192.8Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1cssfCambridge Scale females : first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.002581.6100.0
Missing or wild-9.0028.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001506192.8Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1hgsHope - Goldthorpe Scale : first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.001.0.4
Amount stated1.002571.699.6
Missing or wild-9.0028.2Missing
Inapplicable-8.001506192.8Missing
Proxy respondent-7.008915.5Missing
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteDone by CASOC.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1secSocio-Economic Class: first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Higher managerial201.0.3
Higher prof tradn'l3113.13.3
Higher prof new emp324.01.0
Lower Prof trad emps4118.14.6
Lower Prof new emps423.0.8
Lower manag occupns503.0.8
Hgher supervis occup608.02.0
admin7128.27.1
serv7231.27.9
aux734.01.0
Intermed engineering741.0.3
Emp,small (non-prof)812.0.5
Emp,small (agricult)821.0.3
Own acct wkrs(n.pro)912.0.5
Own acct wkrs(agric)924.01.0
Lwr supervis occups10010.12.5
Lwr technical craft11131.27.9
Lwr tech process op1122.0.5
Semi-routine sales12147.311.9
Semi-routine service12233.28.4
Semi-routine tech1234.01.0
Semi-routine op12414.13.6
Semi-routine agric1258.02.0
Semi-routine cleri12613.13.3
Semi-rtne childcare1271.0.3
serv13130.27.6
Routine production13216.14.1
Routine technical13329.27.4
Routine operative13431.27.9
Routine agricultrl1352.0.5
Inapplicable-81495392.1Missing
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases394Missing cases15844
Question RouteUses MJ1SOC MJ1SEMP MJ1BOSS MJ1MNGR MJ1SIZE on Record MINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteSee full Coding frame in Appendix to Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mfimnselIndicator: S/Emp loss not inc. in LFIMN
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
No loss01533794.599.9
Loss recorded110.1.1
Proxy respondent-78915.5Missing
Valid cases15347Missing cases891
Question RouteUses MJSLOSS on Record MINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment: Self-Employment
Employment: Wages, Salary and Deductions
Incomes
NoteThis variable indicates whether the individual reported a loss from self-employment. The amount of the loss is contained in the Variable MJSLOSS. This amount is NOT included in the calculation of total personal income or its components.
Variable OccurrenceW7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mxrwtuk1X-sect'l resp. weight inc new samples
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the combined analysis of all the BHPS samples, including the new Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland samples. See Volume A, Section V.2.5.
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mxewtuk1X-sect'l enum. weight inc new samples
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the combined analysis of all the BHPS samples, including the new Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland samples. See Volume A, Section V.2.5.
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mxrwtuk2X-sect'l resp. weight within UK estimates
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for analysis of data for Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland on their own, including data from all the BHPS samples. See Volume A, Section V.2.5.
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mxewtuk2X-sect'l enum. weight within UK estimates
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for analysis of data for Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland on their own, including data from all the BHPS samples. See Volume A, Section V.2.5.
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlrwtsw1Longit'l resp. weight inc Scot-Welsh
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the Scottish and Welsh extensions samples. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 9. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlewtsw1Longit'l enum. weight inc. Scot-Welsh
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the Scottish and Welsh extensions samples. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 9. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlrwtsw2Longit'l resp. weight only Scot-Welsh
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the Scottish and Welsh extensions samples. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 9. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlewtsw2Longit'l enum. weight only Scot-Welsh
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the Scottish and Welsh extensions samples. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 9. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlrwtuk1Longit'l resp. weight inc new samples
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the extension samples in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 11. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlewtuk1Longit'l enum. weight inc new samples
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the extension samples in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 11. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlrwtuk2Longit'l resp. weight within UK estimates
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the extension samples in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 11. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mlewtuk2Longit'l enum. weight within UK estimates
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsSampling Factors
NoteThis weight is to be used for the longitudinal analysis of the original BHPS sample in combination with the extension samples in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is based on original and permanent sample members present in Wave 11. See Volume A, Section V.2.5
Variable OccurrenceW12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


msppidCross-wave person identifier of spouse
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mfpidCross-wave person identifier of father
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmpidCross-wave person identifier of mother
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mdistmovDistance of residential move
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
30.7479.060650.30
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
1.0013498.3100.0
Missing-9.0044.3Missing
Inapplicable-8.001484591.4Missing
Valid cases1349Missing cases14889
Question RouteALL
Index TermsGeographic Mobility
NoteIf respondent has moved then this shows the distance in kilometres from previous residence.
Variable OccurrenceW2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


miv5aaMobile number given
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireIndividual (131)
Question Number and Text MI5A : Mobile number given (Interviewer observations)
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Not mentioned04732.97.8
Mobile number given1560934.592.2
Missing-92.0Missing
Not applicable-8934657.6Missing
Proxy respondent-78085.0Missing
Valid cases6082Missing cases10156
Question RouteALL
Index TermsInterview Characteristics and Conditions
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W16 W17 W18


miv5abEmail given
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireIndividual (131)
Question Number and Text MI5B : Email given (Interviewer observations)
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Not mentioned0398324.565.5
Email given2209912.934.5
Missing-92.0Missing
Not applicable-8934657.6Missing
Proxy respondent-78085.0Missing
Valid cases6082Missing cases10156
Question RouteALL
Index TermsInterview Characteristics and Conditions
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W16 W17 W18


miv5acNeither given
Record TypeMINDRESP
QuestionnaireIndividual (131)
Question Number and Text MI5C : Neither mobile number nor email given (Interviewer observations)
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Neither given3651040.1100.0
Missing-92.0Missing
Not applicable-8891854.9Missing
Proxy respondent-78085.0Missing
Valid cases6510Missing cases9728
Question RouteALL
Index TermsInterview Characteristics and Conditions
Variable OccurrenceW10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W16 W17 W18


mregion2Government Office Region
Record TypeMINDRESP
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
North East14112.52.5
North West211206.96.9
Humber38455.25.2
East Midlands47324.54.5
West Midlands57544.64.7
East of England68595.35.3
London77714.74.8
South East812607.87.8
South West98235.15.1
Wales10281317.317.4
Scotland11298518.418.4
Northern Ireland12282217.417.4
Missing-943.3Missing
Valid cases16195Missing cases43
Question RouteInternally computed from confidential data on Survey database.
Index TermsGeographic Location
NoteGovernment Office Region created in 1994 and finalised in 1998 when Merseyside was merged into the North West.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


miscedISCED levels
Record TypeMINDRESP
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Not defined02531.61.6
Primary1383623.625.0
low secondary21761.11.1
3c:low sec-voc3456328.129.7
3a:hisec-mivoc4194912.012.7
5b:higher voc5261316.117.0
5a:first degree615409.510.0
6:higher degree74172.62.7
Proxy and or phone-78915.5Missing
Valid cases15347Missing cases891
Question RouteUses MIVFIO MAGE MSCEND MFENOW MFEEND MSCHOOL MFETYPE MSCTYPE MJBSTAT MQFX MQFXA MQFXB MQFXC MQFXD MQFXE MQFXF MQFXG MQFXH MQFXI MQFXJ MQFXK MQFXL MQFXM MQFXN MQFEDX MQFEDXA MNQFEXA MQFEDXB MNQFEXB MQFEDXC MNQFEXC MQFEDXD MQFEDXE MNQFEXE MQFEDXF MNQFEXF MQFEDXG MNQFEXG MQFEDXH MNQFEXH MQFEDXI MNQFEXI MQFEDXJ MNQFEXJ MQFEDXK MNQFEXK MEDENDY. Uses wISCED on all previous wINDRESP Records. Uses key linking variables on Record XWAVEID.
Index TermsEducation: Background and Attainments
NoteEuropean equivalent to wQFEDHI/wQFACHI. See note in Vol A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mcasminCASMIN levels
Record TypeMINDRESP
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-92531.56Missing
proxy and/or phone-78915.49Missing
1a:none1348221.4423.07
1b:elementary25303.263.51
1c:basic voc313398.258.87
2b:middle gen4241714.8816.01
2a:middle voc58074.975.35
2c_gen:hi gen611617.157.69
2c_voc:hi voc77884.855.22
3a:low tert8261316.0917.31
3b:high tert9195712.0512.97
Total16238100.00
Valid cases15094Missing cases1144
Question RouteUses MIVFIO MAGE MSCEND MFENOW MFEEND MSCHOOL MFETYPE MSCTYPE MJBSTAT MQFX MQFXA MQFXB MQFXC MQFXD MQFXE MQFXF MQFXG MQFXH MQFXI MQFXJ MQFXK MQFXL MQFXM MQFXN MQFEDX MQFEDXA MNQFEXA MQFEDXB MNQFEXB MQFEDXC MNQFEXC MQFEDXD MQFEDXE MNQFEXE MQFEDXF MNQFEXF MQFEDXG MNQFEXG MQFEDXH MNQFEXH MQFEDXI MNQFEXI MQFEDXJ MNQFEXJ MQFEDXK MNQFEXK MEDENDY. Uses wCASMIN on all previous wINDRESP Records. Uses key linking variables on Record XWAVEID.
Index TermsEducation: Background and Attainments
NoteEuropean equivalent to wQFEDHI/wQFACHI. See note in Vol A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbisconInternational SOC (num): present job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases8203Missing cases8035
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MJBISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjlisconInternational SOC (num): last job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases33Missing cases16205
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MJLISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjiscnInternational SOC (num): most recent job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases12780Missing cases3458
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MMRJISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmaisconInternational SOC (num): mother's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MMAISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpaisconInternational SOC (num): father's job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Social Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MPAISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1isconInternational SOC (num): first job
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Social Classification
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable MJ1ISCO
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbsoc00_ccOccupation (SOC2000): current main job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases9787Missing cases6451
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj2soc00_ccOccupation (SOC2000), second job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases156Missing cases16082
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1soc00_ccFirst job (SOC2000) after leaving school - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases394Missing cases15844
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjlsoc00_ccOccupation (SOC2000) of last job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases59Missing cases16179
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmasoc00_ccMother's occupation (SOC2000) R. age 14 - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases288Missing cases15950
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpasoc00_ccFather's occupation (SOC2000) R. age 14 - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases423Missing cases15815
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjusoc00_ccOccupation (SOC2000) of job sought - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
601.36248.91113999
Valid cases72Missing cases16166
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmasoc_ccMother's occupation (SOC), resp. aged 14 - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases233Missing cases16005
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpasoc_ccFather's occupation (SOC), resp. aged 14 - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases297Missing cases15941
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbsoc_ccOccupation (SOC): current main job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases8276Missing cases7962
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjlsoc_ccOccupation (SOC) of last job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases34Missing cases16204
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1soc_ccFirst job (SOC) after leaving school - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases276Missing cases15962
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj2soc_ccOccupation (SOC), second job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases826Missing cases15412
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjusoc_ccOccupation (SOC) of job sought - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases464Missing cases15774
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbsocly_ccOccupation (SOC): job on 1.9.2005 - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases7508Missing cases8730
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mspsoc_ccSpouse/partner's Occupation - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases5414Missing cases10824
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjsoc_ccOccupation (SOC) of most recent job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9299418.44Missing
proxy and/or phone-73262.01Missing
never had a job-34092.52Missing
Total16238100.00
Valid cases12509Missing cases3729
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbiscon_ccInternational SOC (num): present job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
451.85243.1011933
Valid cases8203Missing cases8035
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjliscon_ccInternational SOC (num): last job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
427.64201.7811932
Valid cases33Missing cases16205
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1iscon_ccInternational SOC (num): first job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
561.53229.1911933
Valid cases258Missing cases15980
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmaiscon_ccInternational SOC (num): mother's job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
488.89223.48122932
Valid cases217Missing cases16021
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpaiscon_ccInternational SOC (num): father's job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
494.92301.0211933
Valid cases286Missing cases15952
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjiscn_ccInternational SOC (num): most recent job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
463.28260.660933
Valid cases12780Missing cases3458
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjbisco_ccInternational SOC : present job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mjlisco_ccInternational SOC : last job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mj1isco_ccInternational SOC : first job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmaisco_ccInternational SOC : mothers's job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mpaisco_ccInternational SOC : father's job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mmrjisco_ccInternational SOC: most recent job - condensed
Record TypeMINDRESP
Valid cases16238Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


mplbornc_cccountry of birth: condensed UKHLS classification
Record TypeMINDRESP
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
missing or wild-9120.07Missing
inapplicable-81529694.20Missing
proxy and/or phone-78915.49Missing
republic of ireland540.0210.26
france620.015.13
germany760.0415.38
cyprus1110.012.56
turkey1220.015.13
canada1530.027.69
u.s.a1620.015.13
india1810.012.56
sri lanka2120.015.13
south africa2620.015.13
jamaica2720.015.13
other country97120.0730.77
Total16238100.00
Valid cases39Missing cases16199
Index TermsEthnicity
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18