Skip to content

BHPS Documentation and Questionnaires

ahidhousehold identification number
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (1)
Question Number and Text Office Code
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


apnoperson number
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (1)
Question Number and Text Office Code
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
1130538.638.6
2126637.437.4
354216.016.0
42276.76.7
531.9.9
64.1.1
77.2.2
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Question RouteALL
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajspnospell number of labour force status
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (48)
Question Number and Text Interviewer Check
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
1236269.869.8
268320.220.2
32206.56.5
4762.22.2
525.7.7
611.3.3
75.1.1
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1 0R 2) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed before then
Index TermsKey Linking Variable
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhstatlabour force status code
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (48)
Question Number and Text AJ5A : Can you look at this card please and tell me which of the descriptions comes closest to what you were doing immediately before then (start of current spell of AJ2 which started on AJ3)
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Diff job same emplye146113.613.9
Empl self/diff emply2163448.349.2
Unemp/job seeking350314.915.2
Retd from pd emplymt420.6.6
Looking after family52116.26.4
F-t education62958.78.9
Lng trm sick/disabld724.7.7
On maternity leave828.8.8
On govt trng scheme9481.41.4
Something else10962.82.9
Missing or wild-9621.8Missing
Valid cases3320Missing cases62
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM OR AJ3M GE 9 AND ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y=90) OR ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment: Labour Force Status
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhbgdday labour force spell began
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (48)
Question Number and Text AJ5BD : And on what date did you start doing that? (previous spell)
Valid cases1623Missing cases1759
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhbgmmonth labour force spell began
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (48)
Question Number and Text AJ5BM : And on what date did you start doing that? (previous spell)
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
January12637.88.5
February22015.96.5
March32206.57.1
April42657.88.6
May52246.67.3
June62948.79.5
July72447.27.9
August82888.59.4
September954316.117.6
October102487.38.1
November111685.05.5
December121213.63.9
Missing or wild-9651.9Missing
Refused-21.0Missing
Don't know-12377.0Missing
Valid cases3079Missing cases303
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM OR AJ3M GE 9 AND ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y=90) OR ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhbgyyear labour force spell began
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (48)
Question Number and Text AJ5BY : And on what date did you start doing that? (previous spell)
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
87.575.293991
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1328697.2100.0
Missing or wild-9662.0Missing
Don't know-130.9Missing
Valid cases3286Missing cases96
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM OR AJ3M GE 9 AND ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y=90) OR ACJSBGY OR AJ3Y GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6


ajhsococcupation (soc): previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (50)
Question Number and Text AJ6B : Could you give some details of that job which you started in (DATE ABOVE). Please tell me the exact job title and describe fully the sort of work you did.
Valid cases2065Missing cases1317
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteSee definitions in Vol. A and the SOC coding frame in Appendix to Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhpldfchange of workplace: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (50)
Question Number and Text AJ8 : Was this at the same workplace as the job you've just told me about or a different workplace?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Same workplace13359.974.0
Diff workplace21183.526.0
Missing or wild-99.3Missing
Inapplicable-8292086.3Missing
Valid cases453Missing cases2929
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed before then doing a different job for same employer
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteSame workplace means same geographical site.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15


ajhsicindustry (sic): previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (50)
Question Number and Text AJ9A : What did the firm/organisation you work for actually make or do (at the place where you worked)?
Valid cases2024Missing cases1358
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteSee SIC coding frame in Appendix to Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12


ajhsizeno. employed at workplace: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (51)
Question Number and Text AJ9B : How many people were employed at the place where you worked?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
1 - 21812.44.2
3 - 923059.016.0
10 - 24334410.218.0
25 - 4942407.112.6
50 - 9952206.511.5
100 - 19961855.59.7
200 - 49971795.39.4
500 - 9998802.44.2
1000 or more91574.68.2
DK/under 251023.71.2
DK/25+11942.84.9
Missing or wild-9601.8Missing
Inapplicable-8141041.7Missing
Refused-23.1Missing
Don't know-11.0Missing
Valid cases1908Missing cases1474
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhmngrmanagerial duties: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (51)
Question Number and Text AJ10 : Did you have any managerial duties or did you supervise any other employees?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Manager12577.613.4
Foreman/superv22838.414.7
Not mngr/superv3137940.871.9
Missing or wild-9371.1Missing
Inapplicable-8142642.2Missing
Valid cases1919Missing cases1463
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhsempemployee or self-employed: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (51)
Question Number and Text AJ11B : Were you an employee or self-employed?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Employee1145443.091.0
Self-employed21444.39.0
Missing or wild-9401.2Missing
Inapplicable-8174451.6Missing
Valid cases1598Missing cases1784
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=2) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed but not by current employer or was self employed
Index TermsEmployment: Labour Force Status
Employment: Self-Employment
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteFrom Wave two onwards the range of this variable is extended to cover full-time and part-time employment.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhbosshad employees: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (51)
Question Number and Text AJ11C : Did you have any employees?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Yes1361.125.2
No21073.274.8
Missing or wild-9411.2Missing
Inapplicable-8319894.6Missing
Valid cases143Missing cases3239
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT90) AND JHSEMP=2) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was self-employed
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhsectemploying organisation: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (52)
Question Number and Text AJ13 : Which of the types of organisations on this card (J3) did you work for?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Priv firm/compy1137740.775.3
Civ Serv/Cnt Gvt2672.03.7
Loc Gvt/twn hall31885.610.3
NHS/higher educ41013.05.5
Natlised indtry514.4.8
Non-profit orgs.630.91.6
Armed forces720.61.1
Other831.91.7
Missing or wild-9882.6Missing
Inapplicable-8146643.3Missing
Valid cases1828Missing cases1554
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=2 AND JHSEMP=1) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed but not by current employer and not self employed
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajha9lywhether job started after 1.9.90
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (52)
Question Number and Text AJ15 : Interviewer check : Date at AJ6 is after 1.9.90
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Sept 1990 or Before1155946.175.0
After Sept 1990251915.325.0
Missing or wild-915.4Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Don't know-12.1Missing
Valid cases2078Missing cases1304
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteIn Wave Two, unlike Wave One, there is no direct question to give rise to this variable; it is therefore derived.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhpaylpay at 1.9.90: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (53)
Question Number and Text AJ16A : Thinking back to September 1st last year, at that time how much did you earn in that job?
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
4542.627775.14060000
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
05.1.4
Amount stated1137240.699.6
Missing or wild-9441.3Missing
Inapplicable-8180653.4Missing
Refused-2762.2Missing
Don't know-1792.3Missing
Valid cases1377Missing cases2005
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM LT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY LT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1 OR 2) Asked if R's current job status began before Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteSee Note for AJHPY0W.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhpylwpay period (weeks) 1.9.90: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (53)
Question Number and Text AJ16B : How long a period did that (pay) cover?
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
17.0722.930.2052
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.00136740.4100.0
Missing or wild-9.00431.3Missing
Inapplicable-8.00196158.0Missing
Period uncodeable-3.0011.3Missing
Valid cases1367Missing cases2015
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM LT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY LT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1 OR 2 AND AJHPAY0 GE 1) Asked if R's current job status began before Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then and has reported earnings
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteVariables associated with payments or receipts include two for each, the amount of the receipt or payment (here AJHPAY0), and period in weeks which it covered (here AJHPY0W). These variables should not be used without first converting to a common time metric (e.g. dividing by the number of weeks). You should be aware that for a small number of cases the period of receipt is less than one week; in these cases, you may wish to take special action.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhpylgpay gross or net at 1.9.90: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (53)
Question Number and Text AJ16C : And was that before or after any deductions for tax, national insurance, union dues and so on or were no deductions at all usually made from your pay?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Before deductions185025.161.9
After deductions237711.127.5
No deductions31464.310.6
Missing or wild-91965.8Missing
Inapplicable-8180653.4Missing
Don't know-17.2Missing
Valid cases1373Missing cases2009
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM LT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY LT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1 OR 2 AND AJHPAY0 GE 1) Asked if R's current job status began before Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then and has reported earnings
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhpaysstarting pay, post 1.9.90: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (53)
Question Number and Text AJ17A : Thinking back to when you started that job, at that time how much were you usually paid?
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
1559.545089.59055000
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
01.0.2
Amount stated146213.799.8
Missing or wild-922.7Missing
Inapplicable-8284684.2Missing
Refused-219.6Missing
Don't know-132.9Missing
Valid cases463Missing cases2919
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1-2) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteSee Note for AJHPYSW.
Variable OccurrenceW1


ajhpyswpay period (weeks):start of previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (54)
Question Number and Text AJ17B : How long a period did that (pay) cover?
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
6.7115.160.1052
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.0044113.0100.0
Missing or wild-9.0025.7Missing
Inapplicable-8.00289785.7Missing
Period uncodeable-3.0019.6Missing
Valid cases441Missing cases2941
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1-2 AND AJHPAYS GE 1) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then and has reported earnings
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteVariables associated with payments or receipts include two for each, the amount of the receipt or payment (here AJHPAYS), and period in weeks which it covered (here AJHPYSW). These variables should not be used without first converting to a common time metric (e.g. dividing by the number of weeks). You should be aware that for a small number of cases the period of receipt is less than one week; in these cases, you may wish to take special action.
Variable OccurrenceW1


ajhpysgpay gross or net: start of previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (54)
Question Number and Text AJ17C : And was that before or after any deductions for tax, national insurance, union dues and so on or were no deductions at all usually made from your pay?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Before deductions12547.555.6
After deductions21384.130.2
No deductions3651.914.2
Missing or wild-9752.2Missing
Inapplicable-8284684.2Missing
Don't know-14.1Missing
Valid cases457Missing cases2925
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GT 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1-2 AND AJHPAYS GE 1) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then and has reported earnings
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
Variable OccurrenceW1


ajhstpyreason for stopping previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (54)
Question Number and Text AJ18 : Would you look at this card please and tell me which of the statements on the card (J4) best describes why you stopped doing that job?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Promoted12437.211.8
Left for better job235410.517.2
Made redundant33289.716.0
Dismissed or sacked4601.82.9
Temporary job ended52718.013.2
Took retirement6822.44.0
Stopped health reas7722.13.5
Left to have baby8812.43.9
Children/home care9331.01.6
Care of other person1016.5.8
Other reason1151415.225.0
Missing or wild-9371.1Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Refused-23.1Missing
Don't know-11.0Missing
Valid cases2054Missing cases1328
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1-2) Asked if R's current job status began after Sept 1st 1990 and was employed then
Index TermsEmployment History: Reasons for Leaving and Taking Jobs
NoteRecords main reason. New categories (12) 'Moved away' and (13) 'Started college or university' coded from 'other' responses at Wave 5. From Wave 6 these categories were added to the showcard as (11) 'Moved away' and (12) 'Started college or university', 'Other' becomes (13).
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajblkyattraction of present job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireIndividual (54)
Question Number and Text AJ19 : What was the main thing about your present job that attracted you to it?
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
More/bettr money1742.227.2
Promot prospects2341.012.5
More responsibl37.22.6
Job security421.67.7
More interes job527.89.9
To be own boss65.11.8
Grter initiative711.34.0
Less commuting89.33.3
Less hours93.11.1
More flex hrs106.22.2
To use skills1214.45.1
Less dmandng wrk131.0.4
Prefer this job149.33.3
Other96511.518.8
Missing or wild-9371.1Missing
Inapplicable-8306990.7Missing
Refused-23.1Missing
Don't know-11.0Missing
Valid cases272Missing cases3110
Question RouteIF ((ACJSBGM GE 9 AND ACJSBGY=90) OR ACJSBGY GT 90) AND AJHSTAT=1 OR 2 AND AJHSTPY=2) Asked if R's current labour force status started after Sept 1st 1990, employed and left last job for better one
Index TermsEmployment History: Reasons for Leaving and Taking Jobs
NoteAsked for first job only, i.e. where AJSPNO = 1.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhenddday labour force spell ended
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases2502Missing cases880
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteEnd date (day) of job history spell, computed as start date of following job spell. If spell number is 1, end date is taken as start date of current spell.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhendmmonth labour force spell ended
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
January12708.08.0
February21825.45.4
March32076.16.2
April42768.28.2
May51995.95.9
June62527.57.5
July72687.98.0
August82306.86.8
September964319.019.1
October1043913.013.1
November112417.17.2
December121514.54.5
Missing or wild-917.5Missing
Don't know-17.2Missing
Valid cases3358Missing cases24
Question RouteUses AJSPNO AJHBGD AJHBGM AJHBGY on record AJOBHIST; ACJSBGD ACJSBGM ACJSBGY on record AINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteEnd date (month) of job history spell, computed as start date of following job spell. If spell number is 1, end date is taken as start date of current spell.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhendyyear labour force spell ended
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
19909089626.526.7
199191246672.973.3
Missing or wild-918.5Missing
Don't know-12.1Missing
Valid cases3362Missing cases20
Question RouteUses AJSPNO AJHBGD AJHBGM AJHBGY on record AJOBHIST; ACJSBGD ACJSBGM ACJSBGY on record AINDRESP.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteEnd date (year) of job history spell, computed as start date of following job spell. If spell number is 1, end date is taken as start date of current spell.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6


ajhsegsocio economic group: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Employers,large12.1.1
Managers,large21293.86.3
Employers,small324.71.2
Managers,small4922.74.5
Professional Self-em513.4.6
Professional employe6742.23.6
Int. non-manual,work72346.911.3
Int. non-man,foreman8912.74.4
Junior non-manual946113.622.3
Personal service wrk101755.28.5
Foreman manual11551.62.7
Skilled manual wkrs122176.410.5
Semi-skilled manual132607.712.6
Unskilled manual wkr141243.76.0
Own account wkrs15732.23.5
Farmers - employers,163.1.1
Farmers - own accoun172.1.1
Agricultural workers1823.71.1
Members of armed for1912.4.6
Missing or wild-931.9Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteCASOC computes the Socio-Economic Group for those currently employed, based on the 3 digit Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), and employment status variables. The classification is described in Standard Occupational Classification, Volume 3: Social Classifications and Coding Methodology (London OPCS/HMSO 1991). See Appendix to Vol. A for coding frame.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhgoldgoldthorpe social class: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Service class,higher12367.011.4
Service class,lower237711.118.3
Routine non-manual e333910.016.4
Personal service wor41624.87.8
Sml props w employee523.71.1
Sml props w/o employ6692.03.3
Farmers,Smallholders76.2.3
Foreman,Technicians81293.86.3
Skilled manual worke91685.08.1
Semi,unskilled manua1053215.725.8
Agricultural workers1123.71.1
Missing or wild-931.9Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment: Sector and Duties
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteComputed using the CAMCON facility in CASOC. See the Section on Data collection and Fieldwork in Volume A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhrgscrg social class: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Professional occ1872.64.2
technic247113.922.8
Skilled non-manual355116.326.7
Skilled manual439911.819.3
Partly skilled occ541512.320.1
Unskilled occ61293.86.3
Armed forces712.4.6
Missing or wild-931.9Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteCASOC computes Registrar General's Social Class for jobs based on the 3 digit Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), and employment status variables. See the Section on Data Collection and Fieldwork in Volume A. The classification is described in Standard Occupational Classification, Volume 3: Social Classifications and Coding Methodology (London OPCS/HMSO 1991).
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhiscointernational soc: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteThis is a 'STRING' variable - an alphanumeric. Computed using CASOC. See the Section on Data collection and Fieldwork, and coding frame for ISCO in Appendix to Vol. A. International Labour Office (1990) `International Standard Classification of Occupations: ISCO 88. Geneva: International Labour Office.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhcssmcambridge scale males: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
32.6017.110.5685.04
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.00206461.0100.0
Missing or wild-9.0031.9Missing
Inapplicable-8.00128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
NoteComputed using the CAMCON utility in CASOC. See the Section on Data collection and Fieldwork, Vol. A. See also Prandy K (1990) `The Revised Cambridge Scale of Occupations', Sociology 24, pp 629-655.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhcssfcambridge scale females: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
33.1718.020.5597.70
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1.00206461.0100.0
Missing or wild-9.0031.9Missing
Inapplicable-8.00128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsSocial Classification
NoteSee note for AJHCSSF.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhhgshope - goldthorpe scale: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
43.3615.87082.05
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.001.0.0
Amount stated1.00206361.0100.0
Missing or wild-9.0031.9Missing
Inapplicable-8.00128738.1Missing
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Question RouteDone by CASOC.
Index TermsSocial Classification
NoteComputed using CASOC. See the Section on Data collection and Fieldwork Vol. A. See also Goldthorpe, JH and Hope, K (1974) The Social Grading of Occupations: A New Approach and Scale, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhsecsocio-economic class: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Higher managerial20331.01.6
Higher prof tradn'l31822.44.0
Higher prof new emp3217.5.8
Lower Prof trad emps412166.410.5
Lower Prof new emps4225.71.2
Lower manag occupns501695.08.2
Hgher supervis occup60611.83.0
admin712457.211.9
serv72942.84.6
aux73401.21.9
Intermed engineering747.2.3
Lwr supervis occups100902.74.4
Lwr technical craft111862.54.2
Lwr tech process op11222.71.1
Semi-routine sales1211233.66.0
Semi-routine service1221253.76.1
Semi-routine tech123401.21.9
Semi-routine op124772.33.7
Semi-routine agric12512.4.6
Semi-routine cleri12629.91.4
Semi-rtne childcare1275.1.2
serv1311013.04.9
Routine production132651.93.1
Routine technical1331414.26.8
Routine operative1341484.47.2
Routine agricultrl13512.4.6
Missing-930.9Missing
Inapplicable-8128738.1Missing
Valid cases2065Missing cases1317
Index TermsEmployment History: Size, Sector and Duties
Social Classification
Employment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhspwweeks in year to 1.9.91: prev job spell
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
22.8216.72052.14
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.00872.62.7
Amount stated1.00318094.097.3
Missing or wild-9.001153.4Missing
Valid cases3267Missing cases115
Question RouteUses AJHBGD AJHBGM AJHBGY AJHENDD AJHENDM AJHENDY on record AJOBHIST.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteMeasures number of weeks of job history spell falling in reference year: 1 September 1990 - 31 August 1991. Used in calculation of annual measures of duration in states and annual incomes. It is not the total spell length. Measure is exact (i.e. number of days divided by seven).
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhgpaymonthly gross pay: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
792.75695.19012600
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.003.1.1
Amount stated1.00209261.999.9
Missing or wild-9.00621.8Missing
Inapplicable-8.00122536.2Missing
Valid cases2095Missing cases1287
Question RouteUses ASEX AMLSTAT AJBPENM ASPJB ACJSB90 on record AINDRESP. Uses AJHA990 AJHPAY0 AJHPY0W AJHPY0G AJHPAYS AJHPYSW AJHPYSG AJHSPW AJHSTAT AJHBGD AJHBGM AJHBGY on record AJOBHIST.
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteMeasures gross monthly rate of wage, salary or self-employment income in the employment spell. Based on the payment at start date or at 1.9.90, depending on which is available, converted from net to gross where necessary, in the light of information about sex, marital status, spouse's employment status and pension membership. Start date is used to determine appropriate tax and National Insurance regime. Includes imputed data. As this is an individual level derived variable, the imputation flag variable AJHGPAYI takes the value 1 if imputed, and 0 or -8 otherwise.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhnpaymonthly net pay: previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
627.27487.7507796.37
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
.003.1.1
Amount stated1.00209261.999.9
Missing or wild-9.00621.8Missing
Inapplicable-8.00122536.2Missing
Valid cases2095Missing cases1287
Question RouteUses ASEX AMLSTAT AJBPENM ASPJB ACJSB90 on record AINDRESP. Uses AJHA990 AJHPAY0 AJHPY0W AJHPY0G AJHPAYS AJHPYSW AJHPYSG AJHSPW AJHSTAT AJHBGD AJHBGM AJHBGY on record AJOBHIST.
Index TermsEmployment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteMeasures net monthly rate of wage, salary or self-employment income in the employment spell. Based on the payment at start date or at 1.9.90, depending on which is available, converted from gross to net where necessary, in the light of information about sex, marital status, spouse's employment status and pension membership. Start date is used to determine the appropriate tax and National Insurance regime. Includes imputed data. As this is an individual level derived variable, the imputation flag variable AJHNPAYI takes the value 1 if imputed, and 0 or -8 otherwise.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhgpayiimputation flag - ajhgpay (derived)
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Not Imputed0186255.186.3
Imputed12958.713.7
Var Inapplicable-8122536.2Missing
Valid cases2157Missing cases1225
Index TermsImputation Flag Variable
Employment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteSee notes for variable AJHGPAY and notes on imputation in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhnpayiimputation flag - ajhnpay (derived)
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Not Imputed0186255.186.3
Imputed12958.713.7
Var Inapplicable-8122536.2Missing
Valid cases2157Missing cases1225
Index TermsImputation Flag Variable
Employment History: Wages, Salary and Deductions
NoteSee notes for variable AJHNPAY and notes on imputation in Vol. A.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhbgy4year labour force spell began: 4 digit
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
1987.575.2919391991
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
Amount stated1328697.2100.0
Missing or wild-9662.0Missing
Don't know-130.9Missing
Valid cases3286Missing cases96
Question RouteUses AJHBGY on Record AJOBHIST.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteFour-digit version of year base variable.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhendy4year labour force spell ended: 4 digit
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireDerived Variable
Value LabelValueFrequency%Valid %
199089626.526.7
1991246672.973.3
Missing or wild-918.5Missing
Don't know-12.1Missing
Valid cases3362Missing cases20
Question RouteUses AJHENDY on Record AJOBHIST.
Index TermsEmployment History: Labour Force Status Spells
NoteFour-digit version of year base variable.
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


pidcross-wave person identifier
Record TypeAJOBHIST
QuestionnaireCover Sheet
Question Number and Text AEG3
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


pidpCross-wave person identifier (UKHLS)
Record TypeAJOBHIST
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhisconinternational soc (num): previous job
Record TypeAJOBHIST
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Index TermsEmployment: Industrial and Occupational Classification
Employment History: Labour Force Status Spells
Employment History: Size, Sector and Duties
NoteNumeric version of string (alphanumeric) variable AJHISCO
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhsoc_ccoccupation (soc): previous job - condensed classification
Record TypeAJOBHIST
Valid cases2065Missing cases1317
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhiscon_ccinternational soc (num): previous job - condensed classification
Record TypeAJOBHIST
Non Zero
MeanStd DevMinimumMaximum
500.53252.5211933
Valid cases2064Missing cases1318
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18


ajhisco_ccinternational soc : previous job - condensed classification
Record TypeAJOBHIST
Valid cases3382Missing cases0
Socio-demographic Characteristics
Variable OccurrenceW1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 W15 W16 W17 W18